Proprietors and Employees of The Fair Department Store, Fairfield.

Proprietors and Employees of The Fair Department Store, including owners Charles W. Wade, fourth from left in photo, and George James Bonfield, third from left. Wade established The Fair in 1897, and was joined about 1910 by Bonfield.

From left to right, in the back row: Mary Thoma (1883-1963), unknown, Carl McFadden, Roberta Hoaglin, unknown. Middle row: Nettie Neibert (1889-1913), Byron Neibert, Etta Stever, the rest unknown. Front row: Cliff Brown (1879-1953), Eliza Bonfield (1876-1949), George Bonfield (1873-1936), Charles W. Wade (1872-1956), Margaret Wade (1870-1925), Bridget Kilfoy (1866-1911).

The Fair Department Store, 54-58 East Burlington Avenue (and 108 South Court St.), Fairfield. c. 1910.

The Fair Store was established in 1897 by Charles W. Wade, joined by George Bonfield around 1910. The celebrated establishment became Rockwood’s Store in 1944, followed by in 1955 by Seifert’s, which sold women’s apparel here for over forty years. The Burlington Avenue facade shown here is now occupied by the west half of Midwest One Bank (58) and by the Bargain Box (54-56).

House Furnishings Department, The Fair Store, Fairfield.Dry Goods & Ready-to-Wear Department, The Fair Store, Fairfield.Millinery Department, The Fair Store, Fairfield.Shoe & Hosiery Dept. of The Fair Department Store.

This video was captured on East Burlington, Fairfield Iowa on July 21, 2012.

Violet Mildred Butcher of Fairfield, Iowa.

We found a scrap book of a teacher Violet Mildred Butcher (1907-1940) who substituted at Cedar Twp. School (See video), Cedar No. 6, for one day in 1926, the year she graduated from Fairfield High School. She also substituted for a few months that year at Schoolhouse Cedar No. 4.

Someone asked us, “Why did she die so young?” We don’t know the whole story, but there was a lot of tragedy in her life. Her father, Charles Goble Butcher, moved his wife and daughter in 1916 to Jefferson County, where he farmed and later served two terms as sheriff before running the Totem Inn near Chautauqua Park and a Mid-Continental filling station at 809 W. Burlington. But around 1929 he was in an automobile accident north of town, in which the other driver died. Charles was not in good health after that and became obsessed with a younger friend of the family. When the woman continued to reject his advances, Charles shot her twice in the chest with his .38 on the steps of the post office on June 2, 1931, and then killed himself there. (Miraculously, the young woman survived, and lived until 1989.) Violet’s mother died exactly 11 months later, on May 2, 1932. Violet had married Donald Sigafoose, another school-teacher, in December 1926, and the couple had three children, the last of whom was born in 1938 and died the next year. Perhaps Violet died in part from the stress of losing her child, added to the rest of her family sorrows.

Pioneer Log Cabin c. 1839

September 28, 2011


“A local historian alerted the Fairfield Ledger that this old cabin in New Sweden in Lockridge was about to be torn down. The Ledger reported on its possible destruction — they said the log cabin was “Logging out.” My instinct is to save our precious rare pioneer history, if we can, so I did what I could to take steps to save it from destruction. The new owner is open to adaptive re-use if there is a way to renovate the cabin and preserve it, if it were not a tax burden. Second-best is to have the historic dwelling carefully separated from the later additions and moved to someone else’s land to be used as a garden house, office, or some other creative use. Once set on new property it could be renovated and filled in with new mud. I believe it to be worth the effort!” Update: the cabin was dismantled, logs labeled, and eventually was moved to Colorado.

SE ¼ of the SE ¼ of the NE ¼ of Section 21, Lockridge Township: NW corner of 195th and Velvetleaf Sts.

Historic log cabin in New Sweden, Lockridge.

We don’t know for sure, but we believe the original 14′ x 24′ portion of the New Sweden cabin, photo, right, was the original log cabin built around 1839 by Irish immigrant William Montgomery, and purchased in 1848 by Swedish immigrant Peter Smithburg. Local rumors in Lockridge and Brighton say it was. If in fact it is, this log cabin is now the second oldest structure in Jefferson County–second only to the Bonnifield cabin museum in age in Jefferson County, and worth saving.

On April 19, 1839, William Montgomery, a 26-year-old immigrant who had come to Iowa from County Down, Ireland by way of Pennsylvania, bought the 160 acres of the NE quarter of Section 21 in Lockridge Township from the U. S. Government. (The deed was recorded December 1, 1841 in Jefferson County Deeds Book F, p. 207. William also bought 80 acres in Section 3, 80 acres in Section 9, and 120 acres in Section 10 at the same time.) William probably built a cabin on his land when he purchased it that year, if not even earlier. Because there were no government land offices until 1838, Iowa pioneers often cleared their selected land and built houses before obtaining a deed. They trusted that as squatters they’d have the first right to purchase their land once the land office opened.

Early Jefferson County log cabin.

William was already farming in Jefferson County in the 1840 U. S. Census, which listed his household as containing one male in his twenties (William himself), one female aged 15-19, and one boy under five. Perhaps he was already married; if so his wife probably died soon afterwards. He returned to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania to marry Harriet Richmond in 1842 and brought his new bride back to Lockridge, Iowa, where over the next 11 years they raised six children: James (who may have been the son of his first wife); Jane, who married a Mr. Bosworth; Mary, who married Fairfield farmer and stock-man George W. Shriner; John; Isaac R., who married Minnie C. Howard (older sister of Fairfield shoe merchant Elmer Addison Howard, who became vice president of the Iowa State Bank and vice president of the C. B. & Q. Railroad); and Henrietta, who married Fairfield druggist George D. Clarke. (In 1902 George D. Clarke leased his drugstore at the north corner of the east side of the square to his nephew Frank S. Shriner, son of George W. Shriner.) Though he sold the 160 acres of Section 21, including his farm of thirty cultivated acres and old cabin, to Peter Smithburg in 1848, William Montgomery continued to live and farm in Lockridge, where the Iowa State Census enumerated his household in 1856: the year before William died. (The 1856 Census describes his farm as 5 acres in meadow yielding 25 tons of hay, 10 acres of spring wheat with 140 bushels harvested, 10 acres of oats yielding 500 bushels, 25 acres of corn yielding 1250 bushels, ¼ acre of potatoes yielding 50 bushels, selling 42 hogs valued at $460, 8 cattle valued at $470, 500 pounds of butter manufactured, 20 pounds of cheese, 40 pounds of wool, $31.50 of domestic manufactures.)

On August 15, 1848, William Montgomery sold the 160 acres of Section 21 to Peter Smithburg, a well-to-do coppersmith who had just emigrated from Sweden with his wife and six children. (Deed recorded June 6, 1849 in Jefferson County Deeds Book F, p. 309.) In coming to Lockridge, the Smithburgs were part of America’s earliest surviving Swedish settlement: New Sweden, founded in 1845 by Peter Cassel. At the time Peter Smithburg bought William Montgomery’s land, it contained 30 acres under cultivation, along with Montgomery’s old log cabin, by now somewhat out of repair. Two weeks later Peter drowned while attempting to cross the heavily-flooded Brush Creek to bring lumber from the sawmill to repair the cabin. His oldest son Charles, then seventeen, made the trip with him and survived the accident, but he himself died four years later in 1852. Peter’s widow Anna Catherine persevered on the farm with her family. Philip L. Anderson, a minister as well as a good farmer and mechanic, became the caretaker of her farm, and on July 17, 1850 she married him. When the Civil War broke out in 1861 her two remaining sons, Andrew David and Gustaf Adolphus Smithburg, enlisted in Company M of the 4th Iowa Cavalry, and served throughout the war.

New Sweden Log Cabin

On January 10, 1863, while the Smithburg brothers were still at war, their sister Sophia sold her one-fifth interest in the 160 acres to their brother-in-law Eben Peck, who had married their oldest sister Inga on February 22, 1855. (Quit Claim Deed, recorded June 6, 1863 in Jefferson County Deeds Book 1, p. 540.) Eben and Inga Peck sold their two-fifths interest in the land to Andrew G. Anderson on January 27, 1864, the year the Pecks moved to Wapello County. (Quit Claim Deed, recorded February 8, 1864, Jefferson County Deeds Book 2, p. 108.; obituary of Inga Smithburg Peck, Blakesburg [Wapello Co., Iowa] Excelsior Newspaper, Vol. 29, No. 49, Thursday, Jan. 2, 1925, p. 2, online at How or whether Andrew G. Anderson was related to the Smithburgs remains as yet unclear.

On April 15, 1864, Andrew G. Anderson and his wife Christena S. sold their two-fifths interest in the land to the two veteran Smithburg brothers, Andrew D. and Gustaf A. (Quit Claim Deed, recorded January 13, 1865, Jefferson County Deeds Book 3, p. 1.) On August 26, 1864, their youngest sister Albertina sold her one-fifth interest in the land to Andrew D. Smithburg. (Quit Claim Deed, recorded January 13, 1865, Jefferson County Deeds Book 3, p. 1.)

On August 28, 1866, Andrew D. Smithburg and his wife Emeline, Gustaf A. Smithburg, Philip L. Anderson and his wife Catherine sold the 80 acres of the east half of the northeast quarter of Section 21 to Andrew G. Anderson. (Warranty Deed recorded September 6, 1866, in Jefferson County Deeds Book 5, p. 601.)

On June 23, 1868, Andrew G. Anderson and his wife Christena in turn conveyed the south 40 acres of this land, being the southeast quarter of the northeast quarter of Section 21, to Gustaf A. Smithburg. (Warranty Deed recorded June 24, 1868, in Jefferson County Deeds Book 7, p. 513.) On December 27 that year Gustaf married Christena M. Anderson, daughter of Andrew M. and C. Louisa (Johnson) Anderson, and perhaps related to Andrew G. Anderson. Gustaf’s mother died less than four months later, on April 2, 1869. It was probably about this time that Gustaf built his one-story cabin to the west of the New Sweden log cabin. Gustaf’s grandson Everett Smithburg has a photograph of this later cabin, (with the newer two-story house in the background to the left), which he recollects Gustaf built after he returned from the Civil War — most likely for his new wife and growing family. Over the next eighteen years the couple would have eight children. This cabin’s remains might be those visible on satellite photos around 1000 feet west of the Montgomery cabin and about 500 feet east-north-east of his more modern two-story house at 3073 195th Street, built closer to the turn of the century: however, the newer house is to the left of Gustaf’s cabin in Everett’s photo, and looks closer than 500 feet from the cabin. While clearly primitive, Gustaf’s post-Civil-War cabin appears to be constructed of clapboard, with no logs visible. It is a one-story structure with two south doors, the easterly one under a simple extended-roof porch; a center chimney on the north roof and also a saltbox addition on the north. At least one of the two windows in the south wall and the window on the east wall appear to be six-over-six, with a smaller attic window in the east gable.

Pioneer log cabin section of New Sweden Lockridge house.

Finally, on December 6, 1870, Gustaf and his wife Christena sold the nine acres in the southeast corner of the southeast quarter of the northeast quarter of Section 21, to Jonas P. Ehen: also variously spelled John Ain, and John P. Ane. (Warranty Deed recorded December 27, 1870, in Jefferson County Deeds Book 12, p. 27.) Newly arrived from Sweden, Jonas was a cabinet-maker or carpenter, and probably he built the northerly addition (with surviving six-over-six windows) onto the original log cabin: with the assistance perhaps of Lockridge house-carpenter Charles Ehen, who may have been his older brother. (The 1870 U.S. Census for Lockridge lists John Ain as a cabinet-maker; the 1880 U.S. Census for Lockridge shows him as carpenter and farmer; the 1885 Iowa State Census lists John P. Ane as farmer.)

Is the New Sweden log cabin the original structure built around 1839 by Irish immigrant William Montgomery, and purchased in 1848 by Swedish immigrant Peter Smithburg? Local rumors say it was. The 95-year-old Everett Smithburg, however, believes that his great grandfather’s original cabin lay about three-fourths of a mile northwest of the Montgomery cabin, close to a spring, and remembers seeing pottery shards and ruins there. We have not yet visited the site or found evidence of these ruins on the satellite maps of the area, other than the remains of what may have been the post-Civil-war cabin of Gustaf’s, about 1000 feet west of the Montgomery cabin. Perhaps Everett is remembering the ruins of this cabin. Everett does not know the history of the New Sweden log cabin, beyond saying it has been there as long as he can remember; he thinks it may have been connected to the Baptist Church, which lay just east across Velvetleaf Road in Section 22, but adds this is an unsubstantiated theory. The New Sweden Baptist Church was built in 1854 as a one-story log cabin; the 1871 township map appears to show the Baptist Church squarely in Section 22, where the cemetery is now: not in the New Sweden log cabin’s Section 21. The Smithburgs were Methodists, not Baptists; as yet we do not know the religious affiliation of the Ehens.

In some ways the New Sweden log cabin appears to date from the earliest pioneer period, circa 1839. Its logs are clearly hand-shaped with prominent adze marks, and some of the logs measure as much as 14 to 16 inches across. The single interior wall’s exposed studs are small unshaped tree-trunks, and much of the lathing appears hand-cut and irregular. The interior brick chimney, built against the cabin’s original north wall, probably dates to later than the earliest period – say about 1860. The east part of the cabin sits atop an early cellar, probably used as a root cellar, the pioneer form of refrigeration. Looking up from the cellar you can see that the subflooring of the cabin was created with a circular saw, which would only be from the 1850s or later. We wondered: why would the subflooring be more modern than the log cabin? According to the final step in building an authentic frontier log cabin was to “rake the dirt and gravel floor smooth.” If this log cabin was typical, the floor would have been updated to wood flooring at a later time. The building appears integral to the site, which it commands nicely, and we see no convincing evidence of its having been moved here at a later date. It does not, however, sit immediately adjacent to a stream, as did most of the early pioneer homes; a well is sited just north of the north addition. In the absence of an examination of the ruins mentioned by Everett Smithburg, our current tentative theory is that the New Sweden log cabin is indeed the original William Montgomery cabin of ca. 1839, repaired in 1848 and afterwards by Peter Smithburg and his family, and that Gustaf built his newer cabin to the west around 1868-1870, when he sold the nine acres and the earliest cabin out of the family to Jonas Ehen, who probably added the northerly addition shortly after 1870 to the original log structure. Gustaf then moved still further to the west when he built his two-story house at 3073 195th Street closer to the turn of the century.

(Additional sources: Biography of G. A. Smithburg in Portrait and Biographical Album of Jefferson and Van Buren Counties, 1890, p. 519; also in C. J. Fulton, History of Jefferson County, Iowa — A Record of Settlement, Organization, Progress and Achievement, Vol II, Published 1912, S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., Chicago, Pages 54 and 58; Pioneer Family Recollections by Mrs. Alberta MENDENHALL in 1927, — article by Rory Goff.

Universal Producing Co. story

September 13, 2011

Exclusive video for Fairfield Iowa History! Lee Gobble chats about Fairfield Iowa’s Depression-era Universal Producing Company–In the midst of America’s Depression, Fairfield Iowa’s Stewart family rise to fame and fortune through creative thinking and ingenuity.

Daniel Stephenson coverlet

September 12, 2011

1855 coverlet made by Daniel Stephenson of Fairfield Iowa

1855 Daniel Stephenson quilt, Fairfield, Iowa.

1855 Daniel Stephenson quilt, Fairfield, Iowa.

1855 Daniel Stephenson coverlet, Fairfield, Iowa.

Fairfield Township’s Elm Grove school house (School District No. 4) was built in 1866 near the Brookville Road in Fairfield, Iowa, and moved in 1962 to the Jefferson County Agricultural Fairgrounds. Here Gloria Countryman gives directions to the historic one-room school house’s original site, and provides a glimpse of the school house in its new location. Open to the public during special events.

Historic Log Cabin in Lockridge

September 9, 2011 Historic Houses

The 1838 Bonnifield cabin is the oldest house in Jefferson county, Iowa. This video shows photos of another log cabin on Velvetleaf in Lockridge that isn’t quite as old but is probably from the same generation. The Fairfield Ledger recently reported that this cabin will be demolished. Here is a 1907 announcement for volunteers to […]

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First Iowa State Fair: Fairfield, 1854

September 3, 2011 Festivals

Sign at the Iowa State Fair in Des Moines commemorating the first State Fair, held in Fairfield, Iowa. (photo, right) Fairfield hosted the first two State Fairs in 1854 and 1855. The State Fair then moved to Muscatine (1856-1857), Oskaloosa (1858-1859), Iowa City (1860-1861), Dubuque (1862-1863), Burlington (1864-1866), Clinton (1867-1868), Keokuk (1869-1870), Cedar Rapids (1871-1873), […]

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1911 Barber Shop and Bakery

September 2, 2011 4th Street

Remember Asher B. Mullenix,the barber and insurance man driving the two-horse wagon? See video: Members of the Mullenix family were barbers in Fairfield since the 1880s, and Lee Gobble remembers that the small building at 411 North Fourth St. in the middle of this photograph, on the east side of the street just south […]

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1876 striped wood floors

August 28, 2011 Broadway

Between 1876 and 1879 a number of stores on Fairfield’s Square installed striped wooden floors, usually in alternating bands of walnut and ash or walnut and maple. Photo, above right, is a floor in the Cafe Paradiso, located at 59-61 West Broadway at the corner of North Main Street. The Paradiso occupies two adjacent store-buildings; […]

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Then and Now: Broadway Building street view

August 24, 2011 Broadway

Looking East on Broadway Ave., Then and Now Then: Looking east on Broadway Avenue from the Louden Depot in 1929, we see a long row of automobiles belonging to the employees of the busy Louden Machinery Company, at left, and of other factories nearby. The Louden Company bought four lots here at 605-607 W. Broadway […]

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“Uncle Pink” and his wife at Family Video site

August 19, 2011 People

Photograph taken ca. 1910, captioned “Uncle Pink Hilton’s house in Fairfield, Iowa.” Leonard P. Hilton and his wife Louisa M. (Gasaway) moved to 803 W. Burlington between 1900 and 1910 from Prescott, Adams Co., Iowa, where he had been a farmer. Here in Fairfield Leonard worked as a carpenter at a machine shop, perhaps the […]

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Beautiful houses on B Street site of old Methodist church

August 19, 2011 B Street

Both 200 E. Washington (left) and 203 S. B St. (right) are on Lot No. 4 in Block No. 21, Old Plat, and Thomas D. Evans gave the whole lot to the Methodist Society in 1844 for them to build their church on. Finally finished in 1850, the brick Methodist “Old Zion” Church stood at […]

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Louden Barn Catalog

July 31, 2011 Books

Click the “Like” Button on the 1920 Louden Barn Plans Catalog photo files.

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1909 Map Northwest of Square

July 31, 2011 West Side of Square

‎1909 map of Fairfield, detail. The Grand Opera House is at upper right, at the corner of N. Main and E. Briggs, where Tribune Printing is now. The Post Office was at 113 W. Broadway, where Red Rock Tavern is now. The Hotel Broadway stood at the corner of 2nd St. and W. Broadway, where […]

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